Table of contents:
- What are T cells and what do they have in common with the new finding?
- New immune cell promises to revolutionize cancer treatment
Video: New Immune Cell Will Revolutionize Cancer Treatment
After the announcement of the new blood component, scientific discoveries continue with astonishing revelations. This time around, researchers have discovered an immune cell from the T lymphocyte family that could effectively fight many types of cancer. The Welsh team accidentally stumbled upon the major discovery and also explained that the cells in question attack cancerous ones while ignoring healthy ones.
What are T cells and what do they have in common with the new finding?
The cell in question belongs to the family of T lymphocytes (T-cells) and tends to fight against different types of cancer, which could contribute to the creation of a therapeutic approach such as immunotherapy. So-called "T-cells" scan the surface of cells in an attempt to detect abnormalities and kill cancer cells, which emit abnormal proteins, while ignoring healthy cells.
One of the therapeutic methods used to fight cancer is to influence the immune system so that it can attack the disease. In other words, the immune cells of the sick person undergo genetic modifications in order to "arm" them against the tumor.
To do this, T lymphocytes (intended to fight infections) are taken from the blood, then multiplied and modified to obtain a specific receptor, and finally returned to the body to detect and eliminate cancer cells. This therapy is called “CAR-T cells” but it is only suitable for the treatment of certain cancers. Not to mention that it is necessary to develop an individual approach adapted to each patient and that the process, itself, is too long and complicated. And this is where the new immune cell comes in!
New immune cell promises to revolutionize cancer treatment
The new immune cell is equipped with a new T cell receptor (TCR). Researchers have therefore confirmed that it can kill cancer cells in the lung, colon, skin, breast, ovaries, cervix and prostate. Scientists tested their discovery by injecting mice infected with human cancer and benefiting from a human immune system.
According to specialists, the results are very encouraging and promise a successful treatment against cancer.